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    Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE)

    Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) in Tradeasia

    IUPAC Name

    Polyethylene

    Cas Number

    9002-88-4

    HS Code

    390110

    Formula

    (C2H4)n

    Basic Info

    Appearance

    Translucent & waxy

    Common Names

    -

    Packaging

    25 Kg Bag

    About Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE)

    LDPE is a relatively soft and flexible material that is known for its excellent chemical resistance, low permeability to gases and liquids, and good electrical insulation properties. It is made by polymerizing ethylene gas under high pressure and temperature in the presence of a catalyst. LDPE is typically translucent and has a waxy texture, making it a popular material for applications such as films, bags, and sheets. It is also commonly used to make molded products such as toys, housewares, and medical devices. Due to its low melting point and good processability, LDPE is easily formed into different shapes using various manufacturing techniques, such as extrusion, injection molding, and blow molding. 

    Manufacturing Process

    Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is manufactured by polymerizing ethylene gas under high pressure and temperature in the presence of a catalyst. The process can be divided into two main steps:

    1. Polymerization: The polymerization process takes place in a reactor vessel, which contains ethylene gas, a catalyst, and a small amount of co-monomers (such as 1-butene or 1-hexene). The reactor is pressurized to between 1000 and 3000 bar and heated to between 120°C and 300°C. The catalyst initiates the reaction, causing the ethylene molecules to link together and form long chains of LDPE.

    2. Extrusion and molding: Once the LDPE has been polymerized, it is typically formed into pellets for storage and transportation. The pellets can then be melted and shaped into various forms using different manufacturing techniques, such as extrusion, injection molding, and blow molding.

    Extrusion is a common method used to produce LDPE films, sheets, and pipes. In this process, the LDPE pellets are melted and then forced through a die, which gives the material its desired shape. Injection molding is used to produce more complex shapes, such as toys and automotive parts, by injecting the melted LDPE into a mold. Blow molding is used to produce hollow objects, such as bottles and containers, by blowing air into the melted LDPE to form the desired shape.

    Application

    Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is a versatile material with a wide range of applications in various industries. Some of the common applications of LDPE include:

    1. Films and packaging: LDPE is commonly used to make films and packaging products such as shopping bags, garbage bags, shrink wrap, and food storage bags due to its excellent flexibility, toughness, and barrier properties.

    2. Molded products: LDPE is also used to make a wide range of molded products, such as toys, housewares, medical devices, and automotive components. It is a popular material for these applications due to its ease of processing, low cost, and good impact resistance.

    3. Wire and cable insulation: LDPE is a popular material for wire and cable insulation due to its excellent electrical properties, such as good insulation resistance and dielectric strength.

    4. Pipe and tubing: LDPE is used to make pipes and tubing for a variety of applications, such as water supply, drainage systems, and irrigation systems. Its flexibility and low cost make it an attractive choice for these applications.

    5. Coatings and adhesives: LDPE is used to make coatings and adhesives due to its excellent adhesion properties and low melting point.

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