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    Urea

    Urea in Tradeasia

    IUPAC Name

    Urea

    Cas Number

    57-13-6

    HS Code

    3102.10.00

    Formula

    NH2COONH4

    Basic Info

    Appearance

    Granule or Prill

    Common Names

    Carbonic diamide, Carbamide, Carbonyl diamide, Diaminomethanal

    Packaging

    50 Kg PP Bags

    An Overview of Urea

    Urea, also called carbamide, appears as white granules and has a chemical formula of CO(NH). It is highly soluble in water and produces a neutral solution when dissolved. It is widely used the agricultural and chemical industry as fertilizers and raw materials respectively.

    Manufacturing Processes

    The manufacturing process of urea involves the synthesis of this organic compound through a chemical reaction known as the urea synthesis or Haber-Bosch process. In the industrial scale, urea is produced from synthetic ammonia and carbon dioxide. The process consists of two main reactions: the first reaction leads to carbamate formation and the second reaction is the urea conversion. In the first reaction, liquid ammonia is made to react with gaseous carbon dioxide at high temperature and pressure, and ammonium carbamate is formed.

    Agricultural Industry

    It is widely used in the agricultural industry as fertilizers due to it having the highest nitrogen content among all solid fertilizers. It is also used as a component of animal feed to promote growth in farm animals.

    Chemical Industry

    It is used as raw materials for the production of chemicals used in marine plywood such as urea-formaldehyde resins and urea-melamine-formaldehyde.
     

    Other Applications

    Urea is used to manufacture urea nitrate for applications such as explosives. It is also used in cosmetic products such as moisturizers, hair conditioners, skin creams etc. Furthermore, it is also to reduce the emission of NOx pollutants in vehicle exhaust systems.

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